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  1. #1101
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    The story about marmite ie vegemite... I've never tried it, curious if anyone else has tried this "superfood"?

    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-marmite_2321022b.jpg


    Perhaps you first heard about Vegemite in the early 1980s from the Men at Work song, "Down Under."

    The Australian sandwich spread, described by the Telegraph as a sticky, gloopy, salty spread made from yeast extract, may be the flavor that embodies the entire continent, as 23 million jars are purchased in Australia every year.1

    Vegemite's first cousin, Marmite, is the British version of the controversial condiment. Both are considered an acquired taste, but it's the latter that's been scrutinized in scientific circles and found to contain some very impressive properties for the human body.

    In fact, several studies show it contains vital nutrients, including 40 percent of the reference daily intake (RDI) for vitamin B12, 50 percent for folic acid and 36 percent for niacin, helps to protect against antibiotic-resistant superbugs such as MRSA and boosts gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels to restore optimal brain balance.2

    Invented in the late 1800s, Marmite came first, followed by Vegemite, invented in the 1920s. In fact, Marmite was included in the ration packs English soldiers carried during World War I. The high level of different B vitamins is also attributed to its effectiveness as a mosquito repellent.

    The Daily Meal describes the dark, rich sauce as"full of umami and, at first blush, one of the most disgusting things most Americans have ever tried."3

    The British are serious about their Marmite. Owned by Unilever, the company's spoof Ministry of Marmite exists "to enrich the existence of all Marmite lovers, whether resident in the U.K. or overseas, through the comprehensive application of Marmite in every facet of their domestic, professional, cultural and social lives."4

    Brits and Aussies are wild about their respective yeast extracts like many Americans are about jam on their morning toast, but Marmite isn't sweet like jelly and marmalade; it's umami, the newest flavor among the basic tastes of sweet, sour, salty and bitter. Umami is the Japanese word for "delicious," which in English means "savory."

    Popular as a meat flavor for vegetarians, this yeast-based paste can be stored at room temperature and, although it might dry out, remains edible for years, according to the International Business Times (IBT).5 One must ask what's in it to give it such a remarkable calling card.

    Sweden Not a Fan: Marmite's Controversial Components

    The main ingredients in Marmite are yeast extract, vegetable extract and salt augmented with thiamin, folate, riboflavin, niacin, iron and vitamin B12. It's flavored with things like celery extract, although the exact ingredients and the amounts are a carefully guarded and undisclosed recipe.

    The Marmite website reports that a jar contains 100 grams (just over 3.5 ounces) with 34 grams of protein, 30 carbs, 1.2 grams of sugar and 10.8 grams of salt.6 In spite of its strong flavor, some consider Marmite to be a bona fide superfood. According to Daily Mail:

    "Both products are made via a complex method in which salt is added to a suspension of yeast and then heated, resulting in a rich paste loaded with free glutamic acids, also known as umami (it's the primary component of MSG).

    The exact recipe is a secret, but various vegetable extracts and vitamins are also added."7

    The glutamic acid in MSG, or monosodium glutamate, is an excitotoxin, which means it overexcites your cells to the point of damage or death. But the glutamic acid found in nutritional yeast binds to and is absorbed by other amino acids or proteins, while what is found in MSG is not. In essence, your body controls the glutamic levels.

    While Marmite isn't exactly banned in Sweden, the government requires retailers to obtain special permission from the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration to place it on their shelves. IBT explains it this way:

    "The paste is made by adding salt to the yeast by-product from breweries, heating the solution until the cell walls of the yeast are softened, then straining the solution to make it smooth.

    The result is naturally rich in vitamins, especially the Vitamin B complex, but additional vitamins and minerals are added to Marmite — and that is what the Danish government dislikes."8

    While in the U.S. Marmite barely shows up on the radar in terms of nutrition, it's been lab tested and declared better than peanut butter in terms of its ability as a brain booster. Recent studies have determined that the savory substance may increase your brain's neurotransmitters, the function involving messaging.

    Marmite May Boost Your Brain's GABA Levels

    Of course, it was a study based in the U.K., kicked off when researchers found that a single teaspoon of Marmite, taken daily by study participants, prompted a decrease in neural response to visual stimuli.

    Scientists at the University of York said that's an indicator of increased gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels.9 According to Medical News Today:

    "GABA is a neurotransmitter responsible for inhibiting the excitability of brain cells, helping to restore the optimal balance of neuronal activity required for healthy brain functioning. Put simply, GABA 'calms' the brain.

    Previous studies have associated low GABA levels with an increased risk of numerous neurological and mental health disorders, including anxiety, depression, autism and epilepsy. As a result, researchers have been investigating ways to boost GABA levels in the brain."10

    Study author Daniel Baker, Ph.D., used data from 26 adults, divided into two groups. One group was directed to eat a teaspoon of Marmite every day for a month, while the others ate the same amount of peanut butter.

    Thirty days later, the study subjects underwent electroencephalography to measure brain activity in response to visual stimuli in the form of flickering lights.

    The latter group had a 30 percent decrease in neural response to visual stimuli in comparison to the Marmite group but, even better, those responses were ongoing for another eight weeks.

    The result was similar to that resulting from an animal study in which there was a 300 percent decrease in neural response to visual stimuli. The study concluded:

    "This 'response gain' effect should provide a clear index of GABA availability in cortex, in that increasing GABA concentration should reduce the neural response evoked by visual stimuli to below normal levels."11

    Baker said the main reason for the significantly reduced responsiveness to visual stimuli in the participants was most likely the high concentration of vitamin B12 in the Marmite.

    Interestingly, while the scientists stressed that therapeutic recommendations couldn't yet be made, they touted the study as the "first example of how dietary interventions can alter cortical processes."12

    B Vitamins: 'Super' Compounds in Marmite

    According to the Journal of Clinical Investigation,13 niacin, or vitamin B3, one of the main ingredients in Marmite, helps protect your body against staphylococcus bacteria. The Telegraph reports that in tests, niacin:

    " … [P]roduces neutrophils, a white blood cell that fights bacteria — [and] increased our immune system's ability to kill different strains of the bugs by up to 1,000 times.

    This could mark a turning point in the battle against antibiotic-resistant superbugs, such as MRSA, the deadly strain that poses a threat in hospitals."14

    Folate, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 are essential for converting what could become a damaging molecule, called homocysteine, into the amino acid cysteine in a process called the methylation cycle.

    Without this suppression mechanism, studies show heart disease and Alzheimer's to be an increased risk, as homocysteine can lead to brain and blood vessel deterioration. According to the George Mateljan Foundation:

    "Homocysteine promotes atherosclerosis by directly damaging blood vessel walls and by interfering with the formation of collagen (the main protein in connective tissue).

    Elevations in homocysteine are found in approximately 20 [to] 40 percent of patients with heart disease, and it is estimated that daily consumption of 400 mcg of folate alone would reduce the number of heart attacks suffered by Americans each year by 10 percent."15

    Further, high levels of homocysteine not only are linked to blood vessel damage, but are often found in Alzheimer's patients, suggesting that many people all over the world may be suffering from a "Marmite" (or B vitamin) deficiency.

    Other brain and mental capacities positively influenced by vitamin B3, or niacin, found liberally in Marmite, include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder. And B12 deficiency can trigger different types of psychoses and paranoia. Unfortunately, this deficiency is common.

    How an Early Scientist Discovered One of Marmite's Most Important Benefits

    In the 1930s, English scientist Lucy Wills discovered that the folic acid content in Marmite could successfully treat anemia. In studying whether a vitamin deficiency might contribute to what was at the time called pernicious anemia of pregnancy, one review noted her research on the effects of Marmite, a "cheap yeast extract," on monkeys:

    "One particular monkey did especially poorly, and for reasons which are not recorded — perhaps in desperation — she tried the cheap yeast extract, Marmite. It had a dramatic effect. Thus, after all the intensive examination of diets and exhaustive testing on rats, it was a chance intervention with a single animal that led to the breakthrough. Wills had taken the first step to the discovery of folic acid."16

    According to nutritionist Melanie Brown, who specializes in pre-conception and pregnancy nutrition, Marmite can help pregnant women through morning sickness, as well as help elderly individuals who have lost their sense of taste.

    High Salt Content Leads to Marmite Bans, but —

    Denmark, which hasn't sold Marmite since May 2011, isn't the only country to look unfavorably on the savory condiment that a large portion of the known world swears it can't live without. The powers-that-be in Ceredigion, Wales, banned Marmite in elementary schools in 2008.

    Oregon State University jumped on the bandwagon and began warning people not to take high "doses" of the stuff without medical supervision due to its high salt content. However, salt is not the ogre it's been made out to be. In fact, not enough salt in your diet isn't good for your heart. The more important question is whether or not your salt quotient is properly balanced with that of your potassium intake.





    Sauce:

    Can This Banned Condiment Boost Brain Function?
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  2. #1102
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    I've had it but it was a long time ago, in the '90s. I just remember it being really salty and tasting like bouillon, really concentrated.

    Interesting that there may be more to it than we've realized.
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  3. #1103
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    Veg Fests


    There are some great vegan festivals coming up this spring and summer. Check 'em all out here.


    Vegan Festivals
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  4. #1104
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    Quote Originally Posted by cyclelicious View Post
    The story about marmite ie vegemite... I've never tried it, curious if anyone else has tried this "superfood"?

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    Ha! Oh man, I haven't tried Marmite, but have tasted Vegemite years ago. It was salty. Bouillon is a good comparison. I didn't hate it but didn't feel like adding it my diet either. I do get a little suspicious when I'm told about a new 'superfood'. There are a lot of them these days. And no guidelines on what makes one. Cool that it has benefits though! Maybe it's why those Brits are so good on the DH circuit!

  5. #1105
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    Happy Green Day

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    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-17862494_1912479818996460_2198157926823534302_n.jpg

    It might be impossible to always eat ethically, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t try

    “Being vegan isn’t as good for humanity as you think.” That’s what the headlines said after a study published in the journal Elementa found that when veganism is applied to an entire global population, the diet wastes available farmland that could otherwise be used to feed people.

    Carnivores rejoiced at the news, proudly sharing it like a stack of flyers that proved they had been right all along. It fit neatly into their set of nutritional morals.

    As specialty diets have gained increased mainstream acceptance, nutrition today has started to resemble organized religion rather than conventional dietary advice. There are endless options to follow, and everyone believes theirs to be right.

    When it comes to conflicting nutritional research, the literature is seemingly endless: from low-carb, high-fat diets like the meat-heavy paleo diet, which claims to help weight loss and increase heart health, to macrobiotic meal plans, veganism, lacto-vegetarianism and debating the merit of the calorie itself. Instead of sorting through this mass of information, we typically cobble pieces of information that confirm our pre-existing beliefs together like makeshift lifejackets. Forget nuance. This is a survival mechanism. Everyone has to believe something if they are to successfully navigate those technicolour grocery store shelves.

    Of course, being able to subscribe to any specialty diet is its own privilege. It’s easy to tell people to “eat local” while proudly swinging a $25 bag of chanterelles and microgreens home from the farmer’s market. It’s another to relay the message to yourself as you pass a Popeye’s location, the smell of crispy fried chicken bubbling in the deep fryer. It’s yet another to relay the message to the millions of Canadians making minimum wage, or those who do not have access to seasonal markets, never mind the free time necessary to nurture a budding interest in organic seedlings and seasonal mushrooms.

    And cravings and economics are only the beginning of the problem. Some of our most agreed upon, nutritionally wholesome foods are destroying natural environments and local economies in their wake.
    The sudden demand for quinoa – a superfood lauded by everyone and their grandmothers for its protein-packed properties – caused the price to surge to three times what it once was. A Guardian report revealed that the price increase meant Bolivian people who had long depended on the grain as a dietary staple are no longer able to afford the product that became a luxury export seemingly overnight.

    In a similar superfood disaster, Greek yogurt is contributing to acid whey production, a toxic substance with a pH balance comparable to acid rain. A 2013 Cornell University report found that for every 7,000 gallons of milk used to make Greek yogurt, up to 4,900 gallons of acid whey is produced. Whey that isn’t properly disposed strips oxygen supplies from streams and rivers, killing marine life and damaging habitats and ecosystems. Yet yogurt companies are ending up with so much of the byproduct that Modern Farmer found Greek yogurt giants like Chobani have started paying farmers to take it off their hands. The farmers have obliged, but they themselves don’t know what to do with it.

    A handful of heart-healthy almonds might be a go-to Greek yogurt topping, but the nuts are also contributing to drought problems in California. Eighty per cent of the world’s almond supply comes from the state experiencing its worst drought on record. A report published by The Watershed Agricultural Council found that a single almond takes 1.1 gallons of water to produce. Demand for heart-healthy almonds and their affiliated products has grown so strong that The New York Times found California almond farmers are drilling thousands of feet down into aquifers to pump out water, threatening critical infrastructure like bridges, roads and irrigation canals, and even potentially triggering earthquakes.

    Meanwhile, an Associated Press investigation found that shrimp sold at global supermarkets is often peeled by slave laborers in Thailand. Yet you shouldn’t be eating it anyway, because global consumption of heart healthy, omega-3 rich seafood is depleting seafood supplies at rates that they cannot be naturally replenished, wreaking havoc on the health of our oceans, the planet’s most significant source of oxygen.

    Even the innocent banana is corrupt. A New York Times report found that conventional bananas – the world’s most popular fruit – often employ child labour while underpaying workers and abusing human rights. Large banana producers like Dole and Chiquita also cut down rain forests, contributing to deforestation and turning former lush forests into uninhabitable deserts that displace millions of species from their natural habitats, according to a Pacific Lutheran University report.

    Knowing this, I recently made the switch from conventional bananas to fair trade organic bananas that support local agriculture in Ecuador and Peru. The ethically superior bananas wear a large, reassuring green sticker that says “Wholefoods Guarantee Fair Trade Certified” over top of their bright and unblemished yellow skin. But after thinking about the choice for longer than two minutes, it started to feel like the nutritional equivalent of sending a paper airplane to Syria. There is no amount of fair trade bananas one person can buy to undo the damage that has already been done.

    The problems are so vast and beyond the scope of our grocery carts — themselves too often plagued by convenience and price — that it can feel necessary to ignore most issues if you are to continue eating and ultimately existing in the world.

    The agroindustrial complex no doubt benefits from this nutritional confusion, swooping in to tell us that Coca Cola and Skittles aren’t that bad for you because they only have 130 calories. Yet as we continue to discover new information about food and its nutritional, environmental and moral impacts, deciding that there is only one correct dietary answer is a bit like resolving to read the same book for the rest of your life.

    When it comes to debating what to make for dinner, the list of nutritional, environmental and social contradictions we face is endless. Once you begin to understand the problems of our food system, it’s all too easy to buy into the ethos that everything is bad so you might as well ignore most of it.

    Yes, it is exhausting to navigate the ethical footwork of eating in 2017. But the more we know about our flawed dietary habits, the better we can work toward improving them. To do this we have to leave sentiments of moral superiority on the table and accept that food has nothing to do with being right. It’s about admitting that, at least in some way, we are all wrong and, despite that, trying to be better.



    It might be impossible to always eat ethically, but that doesn?t mean we shouldn?t try | National Post
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  7. #1107
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    Well, that is depressing.

    And I don't get this:

    “Being vegan isn’t as good for humanity as you think.” That’s what the headlines said after a study published in the journal Elementa found that when veganism is applied to an entire global population, the diet wastes available farmland that could otherwise be used to feed people.

    So growing vegetables wastes farmland that could be used to grow food to feed people? What else would they use the farmland for, raising cattle that need more food than they produce?
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  8. #1108
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    Quote Originally Posted by chazpat View Post
    Well, that is depressing.

    And I don't get this:

    “Being vegan isn’t as good for humanity as you think.” That’s what the headlines said after a study published in the journal Elementa found that when veganism is applied to an entire global population, the diet wastes available farmland that could otherwise be used to feed people.

    So growing vegetables wastes farmland that could be used to grow food to feed people? What else would they use the farmland for, raising cattle that need more food than they produce?
    The headline was going to be "Nothing's perfect, even some foods that may be included in a vegan diet." But that didn't make for good click bait.
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    Quote Originally Posted by chazpat View Post
    Well, that is depressing.

    And I don't get this:

    “Being vegan isn’t as good for humanity as you think.” That’s what the headlines said after a study published in the journal Elementa found that when veganism is applied to an entire global population, the diet wastes available farmland that could otherwise be used to feed people.

    So growing vegetables wastes farmland that could be used to grow food to feed people? What else would they use the farmland for, raising cattle that need more food than they produce?
    I interpreted that as saying there's an excess of farmland, and that vegans can feed themselves with far far less land used for food production, so even more land becomes excess. *shrug* if carnivores thought that was bad mouthing vegans and happily spread the word about it, it would only make me think they're seriously lacking intelligence.

  10. #1110
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    I'm always perplexed when people characterize veganism as expensive. It seems to be a disingenuous excuse. I occasionally like to splurge on free range organic tofu that has been blessed by the tears of a monk under a full moon during the solstice, but generally speaking I'm fine with my various beans, whole real fruit etc
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    Rice and beans, totally vegan and can't think of anything cheaper

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    It seems a lot studies on Vegan diets is done by the meat and dairy industry so they put their spin on it. The meat and diary industry is "Big" business and lobbies heavily and wins when it comes to influencing what people eat. I've heard the heads of the USDA are former meat and diary execs. It's big money and they will not lose their profits at the expense of a healthier society.

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    'beans, beans the magical fruit
    the more you eat, the more you toot
    the more you toot, the better you feel
    that's why you eat them every meal!'
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    Quote Originally Posted by cyclelicious View Post
    'beans, beans the magical fruit
    the more you eat, the more you toot
    the more you toot, the better you feel
    that's why you eat them every meal!'
    My wife makes me lots of lentil soup. One week I was eating it for several meals that day and was experiencing some tremendous gas so I wrote my own version.

    Lentil soup, lentil soup, good for the heart,
    The more you eat it the more you fart,
    The more you fart the better you fart,
    So eat lentil soup with every fart!

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    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-17992059_1912991148945327_2174766993202353795_n.jpg


    Ramps aka wild onions are still small. They should be ready for picking next weekend


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    Quote Originally Posted by Jem7sk View Post
    My wife makes me lots of lentil soup. One week I was eating it for several meals that day and was experiencing some tremendous gas so I wrote my own version.

    Lentil soup, lentil soup, good for the heart,
    The more you eat it the more you fart,
    The more you fart the better you fart,
    So eat lentil soup with every fart!
    As they say, don't quit your day job!
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    Quote Originally Posted by chazpat View Post
    As they say, don't quit your day job!
    I won't

  18. #1118
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    F*ck Cancer

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    Happy Hump day

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  21. #1121
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    Most quality dark chocolate uses soy lecithin. ( eg Lindt 70%)


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  22. #1122
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    Quote Originally Posted by cyclelicious View Post
    Most quality dark chocolate uses soy lecithin. ( eg Lindt 70%)


    Click image for larger version. 

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    True and good one!

    How about beaver anal glands.. why do they have to put that in food?

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    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-18058201_2268328506725089_8008042304978527437_n.jpg


    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-18058019_2268328510058422_6396188641076241263_n.jpg


    It keeps me regular
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    The Truth About Soy

    The great debate... People seem to be either for soy, or against soy. And people seem to have some very strong opinions.

    So we spent some time analysing the science and investigated further to find out why there's so much conflicting opinion and confusion floating around about this humble bean.

    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-w600-0ffcd96457.jpg

    Soy is one of the most researched foods on earth, so firstly let’s take look at some of the commonly believed “facts” about soy and compare this with the research…

    #1 “Does Soy Contain Estrogen?”

    No - none. Soya contains zero estrogen. (Side note: cow’s milk actually contains plenty of actual mammalian estrogen.[1])

    Soya does contain phytoestrogens (plant hormones - not human hormones). Phytoestrogens in the human body are relatively weak and can actually bring benefits, such as a lowered risk of cancer, by 'blocking' actual estrogen.[2]

    There is no evidence for soy disrupting sexual development in humans.

    Although soya beans are amongst the richest sources of phytoestrogens, it’s worth noting that phytoestrogens are not only found in soya beans. Other beans, such as coffee beans, also contain phytoestrogens.

    And phytoestrogens are found in many other foods as well, such as: apples, oats, sesame seeds, flaxseed, lentils, rice, carrots, mint, ginseng, beer, and pomegranates. Even if you completely avoid eating soy, you’re very likely still consuming phytoestrogens - but that’s not a problem.

    (N.B. Isoflavones are phytoestrogens and powerful antioxidants. Antioxidants help remove free radicals before they can cause gene mutations potentially leading to cancer. Legumes, particularly soy beans, are the richest sources of isoflavones.)

    Many people seem to think consuming phytoestrogens is “bad” but this certainly isn’t the case. The isoflavones contained in soy are actually powerful antioxidants (particularly genistein) and research has shown that they have very positive effects in protecting against cancers and other diseases.[3]

    #2 "Will Soy Affect My Fertility?"

    The 2003 Department of Health's committee on toxicity report acknowledged that there was no evidence that people who regularly eat high quantities of soya, such as the Chinese and Japanese, have altered sexual development or impaired fertility. It should be remembered that China is the world's most populous nation, with over 1.3 billion citizens, and who have been consuming soya for over 3,000 years.

    For women, a large-scale study at a Boston fertility center showed female consumption of soy improved birth rates for couples undergoing fertility treatment. [4]

    And for men, soy intake had no negative impact on fertility. A study at Harvard University found men's soy intake was unrelated to the clinical outcomes on fertility. [5]

    A 2010 meta-analysis (meta-analysis is a review of the results from many independent scientific studies) of fifteen placebo-controlled studies said that "neither soy foods nor isoflavone supplements alter the measures of bioavailable testosterone concentrations in men.”[6]. Furthermore, isoflavone supplementation has no effect on sperm concentration, count or motility, and it leads to no observable changes in testicular or ejaculate volume.

    So men's testosterone is not affected by consuming soy products.

    #3 "If men consume soy do they develop 'man boobs' (gynecomastia)"?

    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-w600-f6bad0f77c.jpg

    There's a single case study[7] (scientifically weak) which reported a 60-year-old man developing breasts, as well as sexual dysfunction, after self-reporting consumption three quarts (metric: almost 3 liters) of soy milk daily for six months. His symptoms went away after discontinuation of the soy intake. We don't know the man's history or any underlying medical complications, and this hasn't been able to be reproduced.

    Extreme case studies aside, soy intake appears to be perfectly safe at normal to moderately high levels, even those above the relatively high consumption level of Asian men. Problems may arise when soy is consumed at levels 10x times the norm for several months at a time.

    Many people claim that soy consumption will alter sex hormones in men. In several studies examining soy protein or isoflavone supplementation, men did not have significant changes in testosterone, free testosterone, estrogen, sex hormone binding globulin protein, or semen quality.[8]

    However if gynecomastia is a particular concern and you aren’t already consuming a plant-based diet please note:

    “Cow milk is a source of estrogen in the diet and can constitute as much as 80% of your dietary intake of estrogen, reports Estrogen Dominance Guide. Cows give milk while they are pregnant and nursing, so their estrogen levels are significantly higher. Dairy livestock are also regularly given doses of hormones to increase their growth and milk production. That’s why conventionally raised meats and dairy can contribute to gynecomastia.”
    Also, Americans currently spend over $1 billion a year on breast augmentation, so if soy was any good at making breasts larger we'd probably know about it...

    #4 "What about soy and cancer?"

    The overall research largely points to soy having positive effects on preventing or slowing down cancer growth.

    Breast cancer
    Studies have shown that regular consumption of soy foods can actually be protective against breast cancer.

    Studies show that women who regularly include soy products are less likely to develop breast cancer, compared with other women. In January 2008, researchers at the University of Southern California found that women averaging one cup of soymilk or about one-half cup of tofu daily have about 30 percent less risk of developing breast cancer, compared with women who have little or no soy products in their diets. [9] However, to be effective, the soy consumption may have to occur early in life, as breast tissue is forming during adolescence.

    For instance, the traditional Japanese diet has 25-50 mg isoflavones (phytoestrogens) per day in 2-3 servings of soy and may be protective. In nearly 10,000 breast cancer survivors, those who ate more soy after diagnosis had a significant 25% reduction in recurrence at 7.4 years post diagnosis.[10]

    Another study on breast cancer survivors showed over a median of 7.3 years as isoflavone intake increased risk of death decreased, with women at the consuming the highest level of isoflavones having a significant 54% reduction in risk of death.[11]

    Prostate cancer
    A Chinese study[12] found that those who consumed soy had the lowest likelihood of developing prostate cancer, and, even more, soy greatly reduced the risk of the cancer metastasizing, or spreading throughout the body.

    Researchers at The Ohio State University found similar results, and found that soy intake led to an improved early immune system response to development of cancer cells.[13]

    Ovarian cancer
    Several epidemiological studies show that intake of isoflavones is linked with reduced risk of ovarian cancer. The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study, consisting of 64,327 women, found that the intake of tofu may have preventive action against ovarian cancer [14].

    A study with American women also found that the group of women with highest isoflavones intake showed lower risk of ovarian cancer [15].

    A meta-analysis found that women with highest soy intake showed a 48% lower risk of ovarian cancer than women with the lowest intake. [16]

    #5 "But what if I'm allergic to soy?"

    Although it’s very rare some people do have a genuine soy allergy and can go into anaphylactic shock if they ingest soy.

    However soy allergies within the general population are probably not higher than 0.2% and could be as low as 0.1% (290-580,000 individuals) among the U.S. population.[17]

    In contrast around 1.9% of the population have a crustacean (shell fish) allergy and 0.6% of the population have a peanut allergy.[18]

    #6 "I don't eat soy because it's genetically modified."

    Whilst GMO soy hasn’t been shown to have any negative health consequences in and of itself we can understand people’s concern with not wanting to include GMO foods in their diet. Non-GMO organic soy is available of course, although it’s a bit harder to obtain in some parts of the world.

    On his website nutritionfacts.org Dr. Gregor writes:

    Soy is one of the largest crops in America, and has been subsidized to make cheap animal feed. Most of the soy grown is GMO, but, so far, there is limited data suggesting eating GMO soy is harmful to human health.

    Research on human placental tissue, though, does suggest pesticides on GMO soy may have toxic effects, and GMO soybeans are known to have more pesticide residues than conventional and organic soybeans.”[19]
    According to Grist.org:

    “As of 2004, 85 percent of the U.S. soy crop was genetically modified, accounting for some 63.6 million acres of soybeans. Statistics for 2003 indicate that at least 55 percent of soy worldwide is now genetically modified.”
    For those who aren't on a plant-based diet (vegan diet) and are concerned about consuming genetically engineered foods, it would be worth giving some thought to the fact that when these GM soybeans are fed to animals, they end up in the animals’ flesh, eggs and milk. And once the beans are eaten by animals, there is no way to test the meat for the presence of the GMOs.

    According to Kommunikationsagentur für Wissenschaft & Innovation | genius

    “Despite methods that are becoming more and more sensitive, tests have not yet been able to establish a difference in the meat, milk, or eggs of animals depending on the type of feed they are fed. It is impossible to tell if an animal was fed GM soy just by looking at the resulting meat, dairy, or egg products.”

    #6 "Okay, but what about the environmental Impact?"

    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-w600-c51f86ab5d.jpg

    We agree that conversion of vast amounts of forest to soy plantations in the Amazon is particularly worrying. Deforestation related to soy production in Brazil is responsible for 29% of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions.

    Worldwide, the size of land that is devoted to soy cultivation reaches an area the size of Germany, Belgium, France and the Netherlands, combined!

    However only 6% of the worldwide soy grown is actually consumed by humans.

    Around 80% of the soy grown fed to farmed animals such as chickens, cows, and pigs with the rest being used to create soybean oil.

    And that 6% isn’t being consumed just by vegetarians and vegans. It’s mostly being consumed in China, but closer to home soy is everywhere in our food supply.

    In The Dark Side of Soy by Mary Vance, she points out soy is in cereals and health-promoting foods and hidden in processed foods. Even if you read every label and avoid cardboard boxes, you are likely to find soy in your supplements and vitamins (look out for vitamin E derived from soy oil), in foods such as canned tuna, soups, sauces, breads, meats (injected under poultry skin), and chocolate, and in pet food and body-care products.

    According to Vance, the reason for the ubiquitous presence of soy is simple:

    “These days the industry has discovered ways to use every part of the bean for profit. Soy oil has become the base for most vegetable oils; soy lecithin, the waste product left over after the soybean is processed, is used as an emulsifier; soy flour appears in baked and packaged goods; different forms of processed soy protein are added to everything from animal feed to muscle-building protein powders.”
    So since (by far) the main use of soy is for animal feed, the logical way to help stop soy-related deforestation is to just stop eating meat.

    WWF Germany conducted a report that found that if every citizen of Germany were to lower their consumption of meat, only just enough to meet the country’s dietary guidelines, they would be able to save 1.8 million acres of agricultural land (825,000 hectares of which are specifically in South America).

    Additionally, if less people ate meat, more of the crops grown to feed livestock could be redirected to feed people. In fact, if everyone in America were to remove meat from their diet, there would be enough extra grain grown to feed 1.4 billion people!

    While an alarming percentage of soybeans are genetically modified, the claim that “all soy is GMO” is one of the great soy myths. Of the soy directly consumed by humans, non-GMO soy foods such as tofu, tempeh and soy milk are widely available, and they are clearly labeled non-GMO.

    #7 "Do you need to eat soy if you’re a vegan?"

    No - definitely not. It’s easy to be a healthy vegan without consuming any soy at all. There are many people who a eat a completely plant-based diet without any soy, as there are so many other delicious foods to enjoy.

    #8 "What about soya milk compared to cow milk?"

    As we stated earlier, cow milk is a the main source of estrogen in the average diet and can constitute as much as 80% of your dietary intake of estrogen, reports Estrogen Dominance Guide. As cow's milk is taken while the cow is pregnant and nursing, their estrogen levels are significantly higher. Dairy livestock are also regularly given doses of hormones to increase their growth and milk production.

    And as stated earlier, soymilk contains zero estrogen, but has twice the antioxidant content than that of cow’s milk.

    The estrogen in cow milk is thought to promote cancer growth, whilst the antioxidant effect of the phytoestrogens in soy milk is thought to protect against cancers.

    Soy milk usually contains roughly the same amount of protein as cow milk but contains 60% less saturated fat than cow milk (1% fat cow milk was used for this comparison). Soy milk usually contains a little less calcium, but triple the amount of magnesium, which is also a vital mineral for maintaining bone health, and one that is currently being underconsumed by many Americans according to the latest 2015 dietary guidelines released by the USDA.[20]

    Many people are lactose intolerant and have real issues digesting dairy products. Far fewer people have issues digesting soy and soy products.

    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-w600-9d18006a10.png


    #9 "But don't we need cow milk for healthy bones?"

    No, the latest research suggests soy milk is actually much better for bone health.

    Osteoperosis (weak/brittle bones) is much more prevalent in countries with the highest consumption of cow milk, and lowest in countries with highest consumption of soy products.

    The isoflavones in soy are thought to inhibit the breakdown of bones. Daidzein, an isoflavone found in soy, is actually used to create the drug ipriflavone, which is used throughout Europe and Asia to treat osteoporosis.[21]

    A study completed by Erdman in the early 1990's inspired the many studies that followed to investigate the possible benefits of soy on bone health. Erdman's study focused on post-menopausal women who consumed 40g of isolated soy protein daily for 6 months. Erdman found that these women had significantly increased bone mineral density as compared to the controls.

    A study published in 2003 by the Oklahoma State University showed that soy protein was more effective in bone formation and retention of calcium inside the body (excreting less calcium in urine) compared to milk protein. In addition, researchers also found that the benefits of soy on bone health were more pronounced in postmenopausal women who were not on hormone replacement therapy.[22]

    #10 "So where are all these anti-soya myths coming from?!"

    Well, most anti-soya stories can be traced back to one single group in the US called the Weston A Price Foundation (WAPF).

    Soy myths and hysteria and the WAPF are inseparable. Much of the fear-mongering around soy is a direct result of misinformation disseminated by the WAPF’s relentless anti-soy campaigns.

    The WAPF, registered as a nonprofit organization, is a multimillion dollar operation that lobbies for raw milk and grass-fed beef. Its members (often farmers) make financial contributions and in turn benefit from WAPF promotion. One of the WAPF’s ongoing strategies for promoting animal farming interests is a concerted effort to discredit veganism in general, and soy in particular. Soyfoods sales have climbed from $500 million in 1992 to $5.2 billion in 2011. The soy industry is expanding exponentially, thus posing a potential threat to the products the WAPF are trying to peddle. In response, the Weston Price Foundation actively publishes articles which propagate the supposed dangers of soy consumption, citing clinical and medical journals in an attempt to appear credible.[23]

    The WAPF claims to be dedicated to promoting “good nutrition” by restoring nutrient-dense animal products to the diet – particularly unpasteurised "raw" whole milk. It claims that saturated animal fat is essential for good health and that animal fat intake and high cholesterol levels have no link with heart disease or cancer. They say that vegetarians have lower life expectancy than meat-eaters, and that historically humans have always eaten large amounts of animal fat. All this, of course, completely contradicts all the leading health advisory bodies in the world, including the World Health Organisation, American Dietetic Association and the British Medical Association.

    This US-based fringe organisation is constantly citing scientifically flawed studies to promote their own agenda and has been able to use misinformation to influence a vast number of consumers, duping them into thinking of soya as some sort of dietary pariah.

    Another of the organisation's supporters was Dr Stephen Byrnes, who published an article in the Ecologist magazine claiming that vegetarianism is unhealthy and is destroying the environment. He boasted of his high animal fat diet and robust health, and unfortunately died of a stroke at 41. There were more than 40 scientific inaccuracies in the said article, including the direct misquoting of scientific studies. Incidentally, the editor of the Ecologist, Zac Goldsmith, is also an honorary board member of the WAPF.

    Another of the organisation's supporters, Kaayla Daniel PhD, sits on the board of directors and has written an entire book attacking soya ("The Whole Soy Story"). This group appears to spend more time attacking soya than promoting the foods they say we should be eating (unpasteurised "raw" milk, cream, cheese, eggs, liver, etc).

    So this solves the mystery of where much of the anti-soy misinformation being spread around actually comes from.

    In reality, there is no real scientific evidence that the consumption of soya is harmful to humans. The majority of what the WAPF says is anecdotal, untrue or based on scientifically flawed animal experiments.

    First, phytoestrogens have been shown to behave differently in different species, so studies involving animal experimentation are not applicable to humans. Second, the intestines act as a barrier to phytoestrogens, so artificially boosting levels in animals by injection has no relevance to humans. Finally, many of these experiments have exposed animals to phytoestrogens at levels far, far greater than those absorbed by people eating soya.

    Conclusion

    In summary, you can either choose to eat/drink soy products or choose not to, that's really your choice. There are plenty of other nutritious foods if you choose not to eat soy.
    sauce: https://www.riseofthevegan.com/blog/...ting-the-myths
    F*ck Cancer

    Eat your veggies

  25. #1125
    mtbr mumbler
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    ^^^ Thanks, Judy! I have been confused on this and I eat a good bit of soy. Really sad when people spread misinformation for their own profit. It seems really odd that they would promote unpasteurized milk. I do consume milk but would be very afraid to drink unpasteurized.
    2014 Santa Cruz Superlight 29
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  26. #1126
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    Today's caturday lunch (vegan curry)

    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-18268410_1919660614945047_3844748712167950737_n.jpg

    Vegetarian and Vegan Passion-18056031_10155269198364586_246913029945316739_o.jpg
    F*ck Cancer

    Eat your veggies

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